"A distorted translation of what is seen by the human eye, dream-like visuals can be created with the help of digital technology. Photo curvature, or pixel bending, is a way of abstracting a panorama or any other picture so that the poles are either pulled in or stretched out across the canvas. Photographer and videographer, Garret Veley, has shared his common workflow, including the equipment and software used to produce the equirectangular and other re-projections shown. But first, here are a few definitions and examples of the typical types of projections that can be developed: Equirectangular projection - the way of mapping a sphere onto a rectangle. Think of the way a map of the Earth looks as a rectangle. The north and south poles are stretched way out to fill the frame and as you move towards the equator the distortion gets less and less."